Retinoblastoma is an incredibly rare type of eye cancer, that usually affects children under five. There are only 40-50 cases diagnosed each year in the UK and treatment is very effective, with 98% of children being cured.

Retinoblastoma affects the photo-sensitive layer of the back of your eyes, called the retina. It causes the cells in the retina to grow rapidly and out of control.


The signs to look for:

  1. White reflex – The pupil looks white, yellow or orange when a flash has been used to take a photograph
  2. Reduced vision – You may notice your child has poor vision. Your child may have difficulty maintaining eye contact or focusing
  3. Lazy eye – A squint or lazy eye can be a sign of retinoblastoma. This is when the eye turns in or out, independently of the other eye
  4. Swollen red eye – This could also be a sign. However, this can also be linked to other eye conditions

Treatment – In most cases of retinoblastoma it is diagnosed early in the child and successfully treated, before the cancer spreads outside the eyeball.

If you notice any of the signs above or have any concerns regarding your child’s eyes, please bring them in for a full eye test.

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